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Anti-imperialist United Front and CPC, ENOSIS AND AKEL, Unity of Nations
and Unity and Independence of Cyprus Today
After the October Revolution and formation of the USSR, the motherland of all the proletarians, defender of all nations against imperialism, and in the era of the proletarian revolutions the only modern political party of any class in Cyprus was formed in August 1926. The Communist Party of Cyprus of Cypriot proletarians!
At the time the general approach of the world communist movement regarding the liberation of colonies from imperialism was that the colonies, each one as a unified whole, must be freed from imperial colonisers.
Thus the CPC policy was formulated as: to free Cyrus from British colonialism! It has proposed the formation of an anti-imperialist united front of all those who opposed colonialism of Britain to achieve this aim. This unity was not just a unity of Greeks of Cyprus, but was also a unity of Greeks and Turks, insuring the minority national rights of the Turks in Cyprus.
CPC did not proposed the unification of Cyrus, this Greek island where Turks lived as a dispersed minority amongst the Greeks with Greece. The reasons other than the above general approach of the world communist movement, were as follows:
In Cyprus, those who proposed unity of Cyprus with Greece, Enosis, were collaborationist forces, namely the Church and Greek bourgeois and landlords. These collaborationist forces in Cyprus were adamant enemies of communism, thus of CPC (and the Greek Communist Party), and thus the enemies of the unity of the people of Cyprus (and of Greece) against British colonialists. They were also enemies of the Turkish minority and thus the enemy of their rights as a minority nationality, and thus the enemy of the unity of the people of Cyprus against British colonialists. The only thing they were willing to do for the liberation of Cyprus, in the form of its unity with Greece, was to ask the British colonialists to let them have it-if they would! If not, and since not, well and good!
In Greece, those who proposed unity of Cyprus with Greece, Enosis, were also collaborationist forces, namely the Monarchy and Greek bourgeois and landlords. These collaborationist forces in Greece were also adamant enemies of communism, thus of the Communist Party of Greece (and of CPC). It is a well-known fact that these collaborationists did not fight against the British colonialists for the freedom of Cyprus, or for its Enosis with Greece, but they did fight against the liberation of Turkey from Britain acting as a pawn of Britain. (It is also well known that Greek communist refused to fight against their Turkish brothers and were executed by the Greek lackeys of Britain for this internationalist act.). The only thing they did for Enosis was the same as what the Cypriot collaborators did: ask the British colonialists to let them have it-if they would! If not, and since not, well and good!
Nor do we have a powerful CPG, CPGB, CPT and other CPs to enable for the communists to take up the cause of Greek unity in spite of the reactionary Greek and Turkish forces as well as British colonialists that lined up against them.
It is thus that the policy of Enosis is not taken up by Cypriot and Greek Communists, as well as CPGB immediately after the October Revolution.
There was no other force than the Cypriot proletarians, peasants, artisans and some individual patriotic bourgeois elements who would take a stand against British colonialism and fight for the liberation of Cyprus and the unity of Greeks of Cyprus and Greece.
Because of this alignment of classes in Cyprus (and Greece) world communist movements policy that colonies must free themselves from colonisers as a whole, as one whole country, without dividing into different tribes, nationalities, etc. was the right policy at the time. CPC’s united front activities could not draw in the reactionary collaborationist “ruling Greek” classes and thus and inevitably the struggle for the liberation of Cyprus from British colonialism had also to be a struggle against those forces. As to the Turkish ruling classes in Cyprus, the landlords and the Mosque,(Vakif), they were also collaborationists of British colonialists and outright enemy of freedom of Cyprus from British colonialists.
Also, at that time, it was noted by the communist movement as a whole that there were two forms of the demand of unity with the motherland. One was proposed by reactionary forces of the nations/nationalities not yet part of their motherland, and by the reactionary bourgeois rulers of a reactionary motherland. This form was reactionary- a source of reactionary bourgeois nationalist strife amongst the nations and countries. This was the form of ENOSIS demanded immediately after October Revolution by the reactionary Greek forces, in Cyprus and in Greece. Such movements did not help the world revolution but helped the world reactionary bourgeoisie and its war making policy. The other was proposed by the revolutionary forces of the nations not yet part of their motherland, and that was a demand by them for unification with the revolutionary motherland (such was the case for Byelorussians oppressed in Poland). This form was revolutionary because and so long as it helped the world revolution.
These are the main reasons as to why CPC could not take on the task of the unification of Greeks and thus the unity of Cyprus with Greece! ENOSIS policy at the time would be self-defeating and collaborationist, only helping the collaborationist forces of Greeks and Turks in Cyprus. And it would be utterly reactionary.
Formation of AKEL:
There are two clear reason as to why formation of AKEL was the right policy at that time.
First of all due to the outright anti-communism of British colonialists CPC was prohibited and was forced into illegality. This policy of the British colonialists was very much supported by their local collaborators, the Church, the Evkaf, and Greek bourgeois and Greek and Turkish Landlords. Formation of AKEL (14 April 1941) provided the conditions for communists to work legally!
The other is to create united front organisations, and formation of AKEL as a united front organisation was useful for that purpose.
AKEL as a Labour Party:
In 1941, there was no other party in Cyprus but that of communists. Thus formation of a united front with another party was impossible. Thus AKEL was to all intent and purposes not a united front party but a legal party set up by CPC. This fact was very much confirmed with the dissolution of CPC in AKEL in 1944.
Thus it should be made clear that AKEL was but the continuation of CPC. Not a united front party of different parties as such! It was also a confirmation of the fact that where the modern industrial proletariat is very small, it is a better policy to form “Labour” parties which is run by communists but includes all sections of the working people. Such as the Labour Party of Albania- Enver Hoca says that at one of their discussions Stalin proposed that they form a Labour Party in Albania instead of the Communist Party, and the CP of Albania becomes LP of Albania at its next Congress after this discussion. In other words AKEL although a continuer of the CPC was not a communist party, of the modern proletariat as such, but a Labour Party of the working people of Cyprus led by communists, and thus representing the class forces and revolutionary stage of Cyprus much better!
After the war AKEL became a mighty force. And so did the world communist movement, Led by the CPSU and USSR and amongst them the Greek and British movements.
Immediately after the Second World War, there was a period of forcing the victor powers to abide by the agreements reached during and immediately after the war.
Since Britain promised and undertook to bring liberation and democracy to nations, and since Cyprus is a Greek island, immediately after the war Greek Communist Party proposed that Britain resolve the issue of British colonialism in Cyprus, thus bringing freedom and democracy to Cyprus as well as Greece through the unity of Greece and Cyprus and through the establishment of a democratic Greek state!
That is how it should have been resolved after the defeat of German Nazis: Victors against the Nazis and Japan helping divided nations to unite and nations forming free and democratic states, with nationally united borders, and all colonies becoming free and democratic states. This was done in all the countries liberated by USSR that is in the people’s democracies.
The policy of CPC-AKEL immediately after the war remained as the policy of liberation of Cyprus from British colonialism through democratic means. Self-determination for Cyprus meant, as before, its self-governance. This was first proposed by Britain. Agreement with this was a compromise to achieve self-governance peacefully.
When it became obvious that British colonialists would not agree to even a self-governance which could be called a self-governance, when this was clearly exposed as a hypocritical move by the colonial power, the policy of CPC-AKEL begun to change in the direction of unity with Greece.
British imperialists together with the Americans (and France) did not betray just the colonial peoples, but also the peoples of occupied countries. Those countries were to have been given their freedom and their right to choose the system of government that they wanted. They were to be democratic and they were to be sovereign! Those who betrayed Cyprus also betrayed Greece. German occupation was replaced by British-American occupation; democracy was denied to Greece, reactionary-collaborationist forces were supported by Britain and America and Greeks were forced to fight for democracy and freedom against these local traitors who moved from collaboration with Germany to collaboration with Britain-America, and from democratic republic to Monarchy.
Grivas and his gang were one such Nazi collaborationist monarchist gang that was saved from the wrath of Greek partisans by British forces!
With the path of self-governance of Cyprus having been refused, and bloodily suppressed, with the Greek communists and partisans also having to fight British and American forces for the liberation of Greece and Greek people, the question of self-determination of Cyprus had to take another route. It became possible and necessary to raise the issue of the unity of Greeks and thus unity of struggle of Greeks (of Greece and Cyprus) for democracy, peace and freedom.
There was yet another very good reason for transition to this policy. It was Turkey that collaborated with the Nazis, organised “Muslim” and “Turkish” gangs at the rear of the Red Army, and was waiting to pounce on the USSR’s Caucuses as soon as Germans defeated the Soviets at Stalingrad. Turkish bourgeoisie, these collaborators of Nazis, presently the collaborators of USA and UK, had to be stopped from interfering in the affairs of Greece and Cyprus.
Most importantly, UN was formed with a policy to support the liberation of colonies and sovereignty of nations, and for the nations and colonies the right to choose their destiny. And in the UN the USSR and people’s democracies were in a position to expose the betrayers of colonial peoples and nations. And in the UN the USSR and people’s democracies were in a position to defend the colonies and nations.
It is thus that the policy of Enosis was adapted by AKEL and CP of Greece with full support of the world communist movement, including their Turkish brothers!
It is thus that the small colony of Cyprus, appearing to be a small and easily controlled colony and thus being denied her rights by British colonialists, with an aim to turn her into a military base of aggression against USSR and People’s Democracies and against all Arab Peoples, became a source of struggle against British imperialism that complicated British and American colonial policies not just in Cyprus, but also in Greece and Turkey and the UN! Furthermore, as a source of exposer at home of outright British imperial barbarity due to the internationalist support of CPGB for the Enosis policy of CPG and of AKEL.
By 1949 it became clear to all that the imperial powers were betraying the agreements reached during and after the war. So much so that Britain and France that are supposed to be victors and thus free, themselves became countries ruled by American stooges. So much so that modern and developed nations such as Germany, Italy and Japan that should have been disarmed and democratised becoming peaceful countries, were occupied by the USA and ruled by collaborators with this occupying power and further more by the XNazis and XFascists who were brought back to power by USA, Britain and France under the leadership of USA. And in all the colonies and dependent countries occupied by Britain, USA and France, those who collaborated with Nazis and fascists of Germany, Italy and Japan were brought back to power and the forces, uniting around the democratic and communist parties demanding democracy and national freedom were attacked.
The days when the bourgeoisie was the defender of national liberty and democracy was long gone as noted by comrade Stalin in his speech to the 19th Congress of CPSU-1952!
The days when the bourgeoisie was part of a nation was long gone as noted by comrade Stalin in his speech to the 19th Congress of CPSU-1952.
Modern nations are nations of proletarians, peasants, petty bourgeois and all patriotic sections of intellectuals. There is nothing national about the local bourgeois and feudals! They are all traitors to the nation and to the country!
Only those who free their nations from the rule of the local bourgeois and feudals can free their nations. Only the proletariat and democratic bourgeois uniting with the world communism can free their nations! Only force that can lead a nation to freedom is communism!
After the Second World War, all roads led to communism!
Enosis Policy as formulated by AKEL and expressed in the following documents is correct and is clearly supported by Cominform.
The People of Cyprus Fight for Peace and National Liberation by E. Papaioannou, General Secretary of the Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL), Cyprus
Source: For a Lasting Peace, For a People’s Democracy!
Bucharest. Organ of the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers’ Parties, No. 6 (66), Friday, February 10, 1950, page 2.
Cyprus Presents its Case to the World-Document Prepared by the Cyprus Peoples’ National Delegation- and published by Cyprus Affairs Committee, after 15 January 1950 Plebiscite
It is correct for it underlines the fact that Cyrus is a Greek island where Turks lived as a minority dispersed amongst the Greek majority. It is correct for it thus opens up another sphere of struggle for the Greece’s National Liberation struggle from Anglo-American imperialism. It is correct for it thus exposes the collaborationists that collaborated with the Nazis and Anglo-American imperialism against the National Liberation of Greeks!
It is correct for it formulates a correct policy for the defence of the rights of the Turkish minority, which policy was also formulated in Greece, and the reactionary collaborationist forces in Greece could not provide for their Turkish minority. It is correct for it notes the hold of the Turkish feudal landlords on the Turkish peasants and their policies of collaboration with the British colonialist! It is correct for it aims to block the reactionary-collaborationist Turkish bourgeoisie of Turkey from engaging in the affairs of Cyprus and Greek National liberation at the service of imperialists!
It is correct for it underlines and demands the application of the founding principles of United Nations that calls for the independence of colonies, their right to self-determination without any restrictions imposed by colonialists. It is correct for thus it opens up another sphere of struggle for the national liberation of Cyprus and Greece in the UN where the defenders of national liberation and defenders of the founding principles of UN, USSR and People’s Democracies are powerful and powerfully defend the rights of all nations and colonies! It is correct for it forces the founding principles of the UN on its agenda, and creates a basis for all to fight for these principles and to expose those who undermine it!
It is correct for it aims to undermine the collaborationist bourgeois-feudal rulers of Greece and Cyprus who had been national traitors first collaborating with the Nazis and later collaborating with British and American imperialism surrendering the national liberation of Greece and Cyprus to the imperialists.
It is correct for it defends the policy of peace and democracy in the world formulated and applied by the defenders of peace and democracy and national liberation, that is the USSR and European and Asian People’s Democracies, and all the communist parties of the world! It is correct for it rely on the clear demarcation of peace lovers and war makers and rely on organising a real fight to expose, isolate, and defeat the war mongers and war makers. It is correct for it aims to stop the establishment of British and American bases in Cyprus and thus the use of Cyprus for war purposes by Britain and NATO.
It is correct for it rely on the CPGB and its fight to unite all the colonial people suppressed by the British Imperialists under its flag of liberation from American and British imperialism. It is correct for although it calls for separation of Cyprus form Britain it is a joint policy of the British and Greek (Greece and Cyprus) proletariat for the liberation of Cyprus from British colonialism that helps Greece to liberate itself from the National oppression of Anglo-American imperialism and exposes the British imperialism at home amongst its peace loving people! And strengthen the CPGB
It is correct for it rely on exposer of Titoite war mongers based in Belgrade and their enmity and collaboration with Anglo-American imperialism against the Greece’s national liberation and their war mongering policy and their work as agents of USA-UK!
It is correct for it rely on the whole hearted support of the defenders of peace and democracy in the world, USSR and people’s Democracies and the communist parties of the world, including the Communist Party of Turkey!
It is correct for it rely on the fact that general crises of capitalism has entered a new period which is deepening every passing day due to USSR and People’s Democracies building communism and socialism at a fast pace and liberation struggle of developed countries and dependent countries and colonies becoming ever more powerful and wide spread and uniting around USSR and People’s Democracies!
After the Second World War we were building communism in the USSR and socialism in people’s democracies. After the Second World War we were building our communist parties in the developed countries of capitalism and fighting for their liberation from USA imperialism’s bondage and for their liberation from their own financial oligarchs. After the Second World War we were building our communist parties in the dependant countries and colonies and developing the national liberation struggles, forming a united front of all struggles against imperialism around the USSR! We were forming a mighty peace camp, the camp of democracy fighting against the war mongers and enemies of democracy!
Our policy of Enosis was a call to arms against all enemies of socialism, against all enemies of nations, against imperialism and all those who collaborate with it!
After 5 March 1953, after the death of comrade Stalin, the policies and the organisations of the USSR and People’s Democracies and the communist parties of the world have begun a process of transformation detrimental to the future of the proletariat and the peoples of the world.
It is thus that all the above positive aspects of AKEL’s Enosis policy begun to turn in to their opposites!
It has turned in to its opposite for what was a policy of war waged by Greek proletariat and people of the Cyprus and Greece under the leadership of AKEL and KKE for national liberation against the Greek bourgeois and feudals who sold out to imperialism has been turned in to collaboration with them!
It has turned in to its opposite for the defence of the Turkish minority by the Greek majority led by AKEL has been allowed to be given a pretence of being taken up by the reactionary and collaborationist Turkish local feudals and mainland Turkish bourgeoisie who were actual enemies of the Turks of Cyprus and of Turkey!
It has turned in to its opposite for it has giving up the demand of the application of the founding principles of United Nations that calls for the independence of colonies, their right to self-determination without any restrictions imposed by colonialists. It has turned in to its opposite for in the UN where the defenders of national liberation and defenders of the founding principles of UN, USSR and People’s Democracies have begun to betray the rights of all nations and the founding principles of the UN!
It has turned in to its opposite for the clear demarcation line between collaborationist bourgeois-feudal rulers of Greece, and Cyprus and the Greek proletariat of Cyprus and Greece has been blurred!
It has turned in to its opposite for the clear demarcation of peace lovers and war makers and organisation of a real fight to expose, isolate, and defeat the war mongers and war makers, this policy of peace and democracy in the world have been undermined by the USSR and European and Asian People’s Democracies, and all the communist parties of the world! It has turned in to its opposite for its aim of stopping the establishment of British bases and thus the use of Cyprus for war purposes by Britain and NATO have been abandoned.
It has turned in to its opposite for It could not rely on the CPGB and British proletariat to fight British imperialism effectively and thus for them to defend this policy anymore!
It has turned in to its opposite for AKEL, KKE and CPGB begun a policy of collaboration with the Titoite war mongers based in Belgrade, following in the wake the Titoites - Trotskyites ruling USSR and People’s democracies of Europe and Asia.
It has turned in to its opposite for it could no longer rely on the whole hearted support of the defenders of peace and democracy in the world, USSR and people’s Democracies and the communist parties of the world!
It has turned in to its opposite for USSR and People’s Democracies stopped building communism and socialism and demoralised and diverted the liberation struggle of developed countries and dependent countries and colonies and funded the so called “independent” bourgeois countries and even armed them thus mitigating the general crises of capitalism instead of deepening it.
After 5 March 1953, after the death of comrade Stalin, building communism in the USSR and socialism in people’s democracies has been put an end to, being diverted to the road of restoration of capitalism of Tito. After 5 March 1953, after the death of comrade Stalin, our communist parties in the developed countries of capitalism stopped fighting for their liberation from USA imperialism’s bondage and for their liberation from their financial oligarchs. After 5 March 1953, after the death of comrade Stalin, our communist parties in the dependant countries and colonies were betrayed and betrayed the national liberation struggles, forming a united front with third roaders, the “none aligned movement” deserting their struggles against imperialism. After 5 March 1953, after the death of comrade Stalin, our mighty peace camp, the camp of democracy fighting against the war mongers and enemies of democracy have been turned in to collaborators of third roaders and imperialists!
Our policy of Enosis that was against all enemies of nations, against imperialism and all those who collaborate with it was turned in to a call to arms for all enemies of socialism, for all enemies of nations, for imperialism!
There is no third road in the fight between proletariat and bourgeoisie!
There is a glaring example of this transition presented to us by Theodore Doganis’ article “Cyprus Greece and NATO” from Labour Monthly, 1956 (see NOTE VII-1).
In other words here we have CPGB and KKE and AKEL, and an example of the changes that occurred with the use of the slogan of ENOSIS
Theodore Doganis report that a huge demonstration for Enosis is organised in Athens on 8 December 1955.
This is after the infamous visit of Khrushchev and gang to Tito’s Yugoslavia and after their signing of the most infamous communique with Tito’s Yugoslavia. (see NOTE VII-2).
He also reports the slogans at the demonstration:
“Let us get out of NATO!” and “Let us build the Belgrade Athens Cairo axis!”
All knows NATO is reactionary, and we are presented with an alternative to this reactionary organisation: the Belgrade Athens Cairo axis. That we are told is the revolutionary, democratic, peace-loving alternative!
Let us have a look at this “Belgrade Athens Cairo axis”:
What does Belgrade represent? Restoration of capitalism. A new plan of building socialism opposed to Lenin-Stalin plan of building socialism which is nothing but restoration of capitalism!
What does Belgrade represent? Spies of USA-UK. Murderers of Yugoslav communists!
What does Belgrade represent? Support for warmongering polices of America everywhere, including the UN. Absolut enmity of our peace policy and our policy of forcing UN to act in accordance with its founding principles.
What does Belgrade represent? It represent selling of National Liberation of Yugoslavia to USA imperialism!
What does Belgrade represent? Stabbing the Greek Partisans at the back during the Civil War. It represent enmity of National Liberation of Greeks and of all nations! (see NOTE VII-3)
What does Belgrade-Cairo axis represent? It represent the “third roaders”, soon to become “the non- aligned movement” who declared Stalin’s USSR an imperialist country, demanding not to be oppressed by USSR!
What does this slogan being aired together with the call for getting out of NATO represent? It represent the “third road” approach, the very policy of enemies of Soviet communism! It represent taking our comrades to the road of betrayal slowly but surely, with a rhetoric of opposing NATO, while actually doing all to strengthen it.
These slogans represent digging the grave of Greek communism in Greece and Cyprus, and in deed in the USSR and people’s democracies and indeed the whole world!
The slogan of Enosis, the huge popular demonstration for Enosis is being transformed from organiser of the Greek people-and Turkish minority in Greece and Cyprus, and of internationalist support for this by the Turkish Proletariat of Turkey and British proletariat of Britain- to a slogan to create outright confusion in the ranks of the communists and people and thus to the defeat of all!
NOTE VII-1; “CYPRUS, GREECE AND N.A.T.O.; by THEODORE DOGANIS
Today, both in Greece and Cyprus, the overwhelming majority of the people are openly demanding that Greece should leave N.A.T.O. and follow a policy of national independence and neutrality. Such a slogan six months ago would have landed the 'culprit' before a court-martial on a charge of high treason! Today, not only the Left, but also political parties of the Centre and Right —the Populist Party, the Liberal Democratic Union of Mr. Venizelos, the Democratic Party, the Radical Party—publicly declare that, at the coming general election on February 19, they will put forward a policy of 'equal friendship' with all great powers. Indeed, it is around the question as to whether Greece should leave N.A.T.O. or not that the next general election will be fought. When, on December 18, 1955, a huge demonstration in support of Enosis (Union of Cyprus with Greece) took place in Athens, some of the main slogans were: 'Let us get out of N.A.T.O.', 'Let us build the Belgrade-Athens-Cairo Axis'. “Labour Monthly, 1956. Page 63-64
NOTE VII-2; FOR A LASTING PEACE FOR A PEOPLES DEMOCRACY, NO. 22 (343), FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1955.
NOTE VII-3; Tito Clique’s Stab in the Back to People’s Democratic Greece
Nikos Zahariadis; General Secretary, Communist Party of Greece
From For a Lasting Peace, For a People’s Democracy! No. 15 (42), 1 August, 1949
The imperialists and their collaborators, the local traitors to the nations have gained the most from the turn of USSR and people’s democracies and communist parties of the world to Titoism - Trotskyism! This was the determining victory for them! But they did not restrict their activities to this!
They have attacked and harassed our comrades even though they were taking a wrong course, for they were true fighters of their people! They have arrested all the leading comrades of AKEL!
They have taken all the measures they can to spread bourgeois reactionary nationalism amongst the nations and thus to divide them and fight each other. They have formed a Turkish police force, they have organised massacres, and they have drawn in the Turkish bourgeoisie of Turkey in to the fray!
Reactionary Turkish bourgeoisie of Turkey who sent Turkish youth to Korea to die (and kill Korean patriots) to appease the American and British imperialist and gain membership of NATO, to block the progress of communism and national independence in Turkey, these traitors to Turks were more than eager and willing partners to help British imperialists in Cyprus! They were and are truly most despicable enemies of the Turks and Kurds and the Greeks.
The policy of Enosis of AKEL and KKE and CPGB was based on peaceful and democratic campaign and gaining the majority of the Greek people in Greece and Cyprus and the support of the British people with the collaboration of CPGB! This was a campaign to separate the traitors to Greeks from the liberators of Greeks. And this was a campaign to expose the Anglo-American leadership of UN that was undermining the founding principles of UN and would not let go of their policy of war and colonial oppression! And this approach was gaining ground in Greece and Cyprus and the UN!
This policy of peaceful and democratic campaigning is where the British imperialists and their collaborators have attacked the most decisively! They have started a “war for independence”, bringing in the Nazi collaborator Grivas from Greece to start such a war for the independence of Greeks!
A traitor to the Greeks and Greek independence during Nazi occupation, a Nazi collaborating traitor, an enemy of the Greeks, a friend of German occupier, a traitor saved from the deserved punishment of Greek partisans by the British army, a monarchist enemy of democracy is declared a national hero who fights for the national liberation of Greeks in Cyprus, for their union with their motherland, for the unity and independence of Greeks! He was brought in to Cyprus by the Church!
EOKA is organised not to achieve freedom of Greeks from British Imperialists in Cyprus and from American imperialists in Greece, it is organised to stop the victorious progress of Enosis led by AKEL, KKE and CPGB that would get rid of British Imperialism in Cyprus and Americans Imperialism in Greece and stop the engagement of Turkish reactionary bourgeoisie in Cyprus to serve NATO!
EOKA is organised not to achieve freedom of Greeks from British Imperialists in Cyprus and American imperialists in Greece, it is organised to help the British policy of dividing the Greeks and Turks in Cyprus; it is organised to help the British policy of organising pogroms of now Greeks by Turks, and now Turks by Greeks; it is organised to help the British policy of drawing in the Turkish bourgeoisie of Turkey in to the internal affairs of Cyprus and Greek independence at the service of Britain and USA!
It is formed to achieve perpetual occupation of Cyprus and Greece by British bases, by NATO basis!
And of course the Turks in Cyprus are also given their heroes in the person of Doctor Kucuk and Solicitor Denktas! Two heroes who go to the UN using a ticket bought by British imperialist to preach “Taksim” thus the intervention of Turkey in Cyprus and Greeks’ affairs as requested by British imperialist. One should never forget that these “heroes” of Turks have actually called for the continuation of British Imperial rule in Cyprus! How low one can get! Grivas must have been utterly jealous-here are the “Turkish heroes” saying what he is doing secretly but openly and still being called a national hero. How right that national heroes of the bourgeois, feudals, church and mosque should be like them and thus like Grivas!
Volkan (and TMT ) is organised not to achieve freedom of Turks from British Imperialists in Cyprus and American imperialists in Greece, it is organised to help the British policy of dividing the Greeks and Turks in Cyprus-and thus in Greece; it is organised to help the British policy of organising pogroms of now Greeks by Turks, and now Turks by Greeks; it is organised to help the British policy of drawing in the Turkish bourgeoisie in to the internal affairs of Cyprus and Greeks!
It is formed to achieve perpetual occupation of Cyprus and Greece and Turkey by British bases, by NATO basis!
The main aim of these campaigns of EOKA and Volkan (TMT) was to block the Enosis campaign of AKEL, KKE and CPGB and preserve the rule of Britain in Cyprus, and American rule in Greece and Turkey. Nothing else! And we have to give it to these reactionaries, these traitors to the Greeks, to Cyprus and Greece, to Turks and to Turkey that they have been victorious!
Let them thank all the Titoite-new Trotskyite traitors, without whom they could not have done so!
The results of these changes to the policy of Enosis continues.
Here they are:
“History of the CPC-AKEL; The struggle against imperialist machinations and chauvinism”
The decade 1964-1974 was a decade of fight for the repulsion of foreign plots and for the defence of the independence and unity of the Cyprus Republic. AKEL was the main political force which stood by President Makarios with consistency and unselfishness, supporting his policy for the repulsion of the double enosis forces and of the partitionist designs. Our Party used its brotherly relations which it had with the governing parties of the socialist states to secure reliable allies of Cyprus in the difficult times. AKEL also supported the non-aligned foreign policy of the Cyprus Republic. Cyprus managed to repulse the NATO plans due to the entire mobilization of our people and also thanks to international solidarity and support, especially that of the socialist community and the Non-Aligned Movement. In the struggle for the defence of independence AKEL and the People’s Movement made sacrifices. Amongst the dead was Michalakis Kousoulides member of the C.C. of EDON (the youth organization of AKEL).”
IX-1;” AKEL was the main political force which stood by President Makarios with consistency and unselfishness, supporting his policy for the repulsion of the double enosis forces and of the partitionist designs”
Is it only our AKEL comrades “who stood by “their president” and “independence” of their country? No!
A cursory look: Yugoslavia (of Tito of all presidents!); India; Egypt; not to forget Indonesia that lead to the mass murder of communists! (Carry on with Israel; Austria, Syria; Iraq…)
This is the infamous policy of “colonies gaining their political independence and becoming politically independent countries.”
IX-2; ‘Our Party used its brotherly relations which it had with the governing parties of the socialist states to secure reliable allies of Cyprus in the difficult times.’
Yes indeed. Reliable allies that is destroying socialism, and providing armament to Cyprus. But is it only Cyprus and is it thanks to AKEL? No!
A cursory look: Yugoslavia (of Tito of all countries); India; Egypt; not to forget Indonesia that lead to the mass murder of communists! (Carry on with Israel; Austria, Syria; Iraq…) Leading to many a war in the Middle East. They were all armed to the teeth arms being provided on the cheap-by our motherlands that used to support peace not the war mongering bourgeois of all nations!
IX-3; ‘AKEL also supported the non-aligned foreign policy of the Cyprus Republic.’
Yes indeed. None aligned. That is countries that is supposed to consider both “Western Imperialist” and “so called socialist” “Eastern Imperialists” that is USSR imperialist. But is it only Cyprus and is it only AKEL? No!
Tito is the founder of none aligned movement! Together with Egypt,
USSR after Stalin supported all these none aligned countries with guns and money and factories. Support of these “third roaders” these enemies of communism actually became a programmatic support of USSR in the 1985 program of the CPSU!
One should of course not forget all other members of this so called none aligned, in fact very much aligned with imperialism countries: Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam,…
IX-4; ‘Cyprus managed to repulse the NATO plans due to the entire mobilization of our people and also thanks to international solidarity and support, especially that of the socialist community and the Non-Aligned Movement.’
Comrades of AKEL should learn from history and should teach others. Those who do not do so keep defending wrong and thus defeatist policies;
Remember the coup d’état in Chile was made against Allende and Chilean CP-what did the none-aligned did at the time? And during the coup in Indonesia before that-for Indonesia was a founder! When Saddam and Iraq was being destroyed? When Libya and Kaddafi was being destroyed? Oh I forgot! What did they do when coup d’etat was made in Cyprus and when Cyprus was invaded in 1974? And what did they do when 1960 “solution” was imposed on Cyprus? Etc etc etc…Can one safely say together with the traitors of USSR and People’s democracies and all our parties, they “talked a lot” and done nothing! Or rather by talking a lot they have served world imperialism very well!
Any of our parties that actually agreed with the policies of traitors to our motherland, and thus participated in their destruction, have to realise that they have not done just that, but also they have helped destroy the most important support for the liberation of their country from imperialism-and now they have to face the barbarity of imperialist without those powerful forces of communism supporting them!
We must now have a look at all our policies to see how best we can organise to liberate our countries from the wroth of barbarian who are armed to the teeth and do not hesitate to use these “to send nations and countries to the stone age”!
And we shall do this for we shall rely on the proletarians and communists of the whole world, including the countries that spread barbarity all around the world!